- Relationships, focusing on friendship, bullying and building self-esteem;
- Puberty, e.g. periods, voice breaking. When these changes are likely to happen and how they can deal with these. (Puberty can start as young as age 8);
- How a baby is conceived and born.
- Relationships, focusing on love and respect;
- Focus on boys as much as girls;
- Consequence's of their actions in relation to sexual activity and parenthood;
- Information about different types of contraception;
- Safe sex, STI's and where to get advice and treatment;
- Arguments for delaying sexual activity and resisting pressure to have sex;
- Link sex and relationship with peer pressure and alcohol;
- How the law applies to sexual relationships.
- Talk to them about what is a good relationship - domestic violence is rising in young peoples relationships
- Talk to them about the dangers of sexting and the internet.
- Start early by answering questions simply and keeping the conversation going as they get older.
- Use everyday situations to start conversations, such as a soap story line such as teenage pregnancy.
- Start conversations when you are doing something else e.g. unpacking the shopping as its less threatening and makes conversations part of normal life.
- If you’re put on the spot don’t panic! Try to give a simple, honest answer. You can always bring it up later when you’ve had more time to think about it. If you don't have the time to answer or are stuck why not say 'That's a good/interesting question can we talk about it later.' Make sure you do or it will look like you are avoiding the question.
- Find out what your child knows already, this will help you to fill in any gaps and correct misunderstandings
- If you don’t know the answer, say so and then find out, perhaps together, by using the library or relevant websites.
- Identify and use words to describe sex and sexual body parts that you and your family are comfortable with. There are no right or wrong words although children do need to know the proper words such as vagina, penis and testicles.
- Think about your own values, and the messages you want to give about relationships and sex. Let your children know what these are and why they are important but allow them to explore their own values
- Find out what relationship and sex education is being taught in school so you can discuss what they think about the lessons and what they are learning.
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